13 October 1495 – Henry VII to Archduke Philip

Most high and mighty prince, right dear and well-beloved cousin, we commend ourselves to you. Just as we were upon the point of despatching your ambassadors we have received your other letters, presented to us by your herald officer of arms, Hainault, by which you inform us that since the departure of your said ambassadors you have been apprised that we have lately fitted out certain ships of war to invade, take, and injure your subjects, which you cannot believe we would tolerate or allow, desiring us to see to it and leave your said subjects in peace.

Most high and mighty prince, right dear and well-beloved cousin, although we have had just and reasonable enough cause to have fitted out ships, seeing and considering the great injuries that have been done to us, yet we have, for the good love and affection that we bear you, delayed to despatch any thither; but it is true that our subjects, who have seen the manner of proceeding against us by your said subjects, have endeavoured to put themselves to sea, to adventure war against them, which we have suffered them to do; and you ought by no means to marvel if our said subjects have done that which they have done, for they have had ample occasion given them to do so.

Nevertheless, considering the request you make to us to leave those your subjects in peace, we shall ordain forthwith, in order always to give you to know the love we bear you, prohibition to be made through all the ports and harbours of our kingdom, that none of our said subjects henceforward take any of yours until a certain time, as you may more fully understand by your said ambassadors; and upon this point we commend you to God, who, most high and mighty prince, right dear and well-beloved cousin, have you always in His holy keeping.

Written in our palace of Westminster, near our city of London, the 13th day of October ’95.

Signed : Your good cousin, Henry R.

Source – Letters and Papers Illustrative of the Reigns of Richard III and Henry VII (ed. J. Gairdner, London, 1863)