The following is a transcript of the Henry VII’s Last Will and Testament, signed 10th April 1509*
The source for the will can be found by clicking HERE
(*Note; There may be transcribing errors. Please refer to original in link above if in doubt)
The Will of Henry VII
IN THE NAME of the almighty and marciful Trinitie, the FATHER, the SON, and the HOLIE GOST, thre P’sones and oon GOD. WE Henry, by the grace of God King of England and or Fraunce, and Lord of Ireland, of this name the Seventh, at oure Manour of Richemount the laste daie of the moneth of Marche, the Ye re of oure Lord God a Thousand five Hundreth and nyne, of oure reigne the xxivth, being entier of mynde and hool of bodie, the laude and praise to oure Lord God; mak this oure last Wille and Testament in the maner fourme hereafter ensuyng.
FURST, for the recommendacion of ou re Sou le into thee moost mercifull handes of hym that redemed and made it, We saie at this tyme, as sithens the furst yeres of discretion we have been accustumed, thies Wordes. DOMINE JH~U XF~E, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum tu scis quid de me facere yifac de me, secundum vpjujjtatem tuara cum misericordia”. Therefor doo of me thi write with grace, pitie and mercye, moost humbly and entierly I beseche the; and thus unto the I bequethe, and into thi moost mercifull hands my Soule I committe. And howebeit I am a synfull creature, in synue concevied, and in synne have lived, knowing perfitely that of my merits I cannot atteyne to the lif everlasting, but opnly by the merits of thy blefled passion, and of thi infinite mercy and grace.
NATHELESSE my moost mercifuil redemer, maker and salviour, I truste by the special grace and mercy of thi moost Blissed Moder evir Virgyne, oure Lady Saincte Mary; in whom after the in this mortall lif, hath ever been my moost singulier trust and confidence, to whom in al my necessities I have made my continuel refuge, and by whom I have hiderto in all myne adversities, ever had mysp’ial comforte and relief, wol nowe in my moost extreme nede, pf her infinite pitie take my soule into her hands, and it present unto her moost dere Son: Whereof swettest Lady of mercy, veray Moder and Virgin, welle of pitie, and surest refuge of all nedefull; moost humbly, moost entierly, and moost hertely I beseche the. And for my comforte in this behalue, I trust also to the singuler mediation and praiers of al the holie companie of Heven; that is td saye, Aungels, Archaungeles, Patriarches, Prophets, Apostels, Evangelists, Martirs, Confeflburs, and Virgyns, and sp’ially to myne accustumed Avoures I calle and crie, Saint Michacll, Saint John Baptist, Saint Johon Evuangelist, Saint George, Saint Anthony, Saint Edward, Saint Vincent, Saint Anne, Saint Marie Magdalene, and Saint Barbara; humbly beseching not oonly at the houre of dethe, fee to aide, succour and defende me, that the auncient and gostely enemye,. ner noon; other euilior dampnable Esprite, have no powar to invade me, ner with his terriblenesie to annoye me; but also. with, you* holie praiers, to be interceffours and mediatours vnto our maker and redemer, for the remission of my Synnes and Salvacion of my Soule.
AND for asmoche as we have receved oure solempne Coronacion, and holie Inunction, within our Monastery of pukure. Westminster, and that within the same Monasterie is the comraen Sepulture of the Kings of this Reame; and sp’ially bicause that with in the same, and among the same Kings, resteth the holie bodie and reliquics of the glorious King and Confestbur Saint Edward, and diverse other of our noble Progenitours and blood, and specially the body of our graunt Dame of right noble memorie Quene Kateryne, wif to King Henry the Vth, and doughter to King Charles of Fraunce; and that we by the grace of God, p’opose right shortely to translate into the same, the bodie aud rer liquies of our Vncle of blissed memorie King Henry the VIth. For thies, and diverse other causes and consideracions vs sp’ially moevyng in that behalf, we wol that whensoever it shall please our Salviour Jhesu Crist to calle vs oute of this transitorie lif, be it within this our Royme, or in any other Reame or place withoute the same, that our bodie bee buried within the same Monastery: That is to saie in the Chapell where our said graunt Dame laye buried, the which Chapell we have begoune to buylde of newe, in the honour of our blessed Lady.
AND we wol that our Towmbe bee in the myddes of the same Chapell, before the High Aultier, in such distance from the same, as it is ordred in the Plat made for the fame Chapell, and signed with our haude: In which place we wol, that for the said Sepulture of vs and our derest late wif the Quene, whose soule God p’donne, be made a Towmbe of Stone called Touche, sufficient in largieur for The us booth. And upon the same, oon Ymage of our figure, Ymfge. and an other of hers, either of them of Copure and gilte, of suche faction, and in suche maner, as shal be thought moost conuenient by the discrecion of our Executours, yf it be not before doon by our self in our daies. And in the borders of the same Towmbe, bee made a convenient scripture, conteignyng the yeres of our reigne, and the daie and yere of our decefle. And in the sides, and booth ends of our said Towmbe, in the said Touche vnder the said bordure, we wol tabernacles be graven, and the same to be filled with Ymages, specially of our saidauouries, of Coper and gilte. Also we wol that incontinent after our decefle, and after that our bodye be buried with in the said Towmbe, the bodie of our said late wif the Quene, bee translated from the place where it nowe, is buried, and brought and laid with oure bodye in ow said Towmbe, yf it be not soo doon by our self in our daies.
AND for the more sure perfourmance and finisshing of the premisses, and for the more redye payment of the money necessary in that behalf, we have delivered in redy money before the hande, the some of VM li, to.the Abbot, Prioure and Convent, of our said Monastery of Westminster, as by writing indented betwixt us and theim, testifieng the same payment and receipte, and bering date at Richemount the thretene daie of the moneth of Aprill, the xxiiii yere of our reigne, it dooth more plainlie appiere: the same five thousand pounds and every parcel therof, to be truly eraploied and bestowed by the Abbot of our said Monastery for the tyme being, about and upon the finisshing and perfourmyng of the premisses from time to tyme, as nede shall require, by th’advise, comptrollement and on’sight, of such persones as we in our life, and our Executours after our decesse, yf they be not doon in our live, shall depute and assigne, without discontynuyug of the said works or any parte of theim, till thei be fully performed, finisshed, and accomplisshed. And that the laid Abbot of our said Monastery for the tyme being, be accomptable for th’employeng and bestowing of the said some of v M li. upon the said werks, to us in our lif, and to our Executours after our decesse, for such parcell therof as shall reste not accompted for before that, and not emploied ner bestowed upon the said werks after our decesse, as often and when soo ever we or they shall calle hym thereunto, as it is more largly conteyned in the said Indentures. And in case the said v M li. shall not suffice for the hool perfourmance and accomplishment of the said werks, and every parcell of theim, and that thei be not p’fitely finisshed by us in our life daies; we then wol that our Executours from tyme to tyme as necessitie shall require, deliver to the said Abbot for the tyme being, as moch money above the said v M li, as shall suffice for the p’fite finisshing and perfourmyng of the said werks, and every parte of theim; the same money to be emploied and bestowed upon the p’fite finisshing and perfourming of the said werks, by the said Abbot for the tyme being, by the foresaied advise, ouersight, comptrollement and accompte, with out desisting or discontynuyng the same werks in any wise, till they and every parcell of theim as before is said, be fully and p’fitely accomplished and perfourmed, in maner and forme before rehersed.
AND as touching our Funerallis, th’entierment of our For the body, and chargies of our Sepulture, we remitte theim to the discrecion of the Supervisours and Executours of our Testament, where in we wol thei have a sp’ial respect and consideracion to the laude and praising of God, the welth of our Soule, and somewhat to our dignitie Roial; eviteng alwaies dampnable pompe and oteragious superfluities. For the susteigneng and bering of the which chargies, we wol that our Executours take of our redy money remaignyng in our coffers, or of our Plate, Juely, Goods or Depts, asmoche as shall be necessarie or requisite for the same; all which expenses Funerallis we wol be doon and perfourmed, furst and before all other thinges, of what condicion soo ever thei bee.
ALSO we wol, that forthwith and ymmediatly after our decesse, whensoever it shall please God soo to dispose of us, be it with in this our Reame, or in any other Reame or Contrey with out the same; our Executours with al diligence and spede that goodly may be doon, cause to be said within our said Monastery, our Citie of London, and other places next adjoinyng to the same, for the remission of oure lynnes, and the weale of our Soule, MX masses; whereof we wol CXV bee saied in the honour of the Trinitie, Mmv in the honour of the v wounds of our Lord Jhu Crist, Mmcv in the honour of the v Joies of our Lady, Ccccl in the honour of the ix orders of Aungells, Cl in the honour of the Patriarches, Cvi in the honour of the xii Apostellis, and Mmccc, which maketh up the hool nombre of the said MX masses, in the honour of All Saints. And that the said masses and every of them, bee saied and doon as above, at the ferrest within oon moneth next and ymmediatly ensuyng the knowlege of our said decesse: And that every Preist saieng any of the said masses, have for every of theim soo by hym saied, VI d. the which in the hool amounteth to the somme of Ccl1.
WE wol also that yf we decesse within this our Reame, that then betwix the houre of our deceasse, and th’ende of the daie of our Sepulture, be destributed in Elemose for the weale of our Soule, two Thousand pounds; and yf it shall fortune us to disceasse in any place without this our Reame, we wol that then assone as goodly may be doon, and at the ferrest within oon moneth next and ymmediatly after that our said Executours shall have furst notice of oure decesse, bee distributed en elemesse for the weale of our Soule, the same MM1; whereof we wol that MD1 bee distributed among such poore folks as may travaile to aske elemose, that is to saye to every of theim ivd; and of th’oder D’; cc1 to be dealte within oure Citie of London, the Suburbes of the same, and our Monastery and Towne of Westminster, among lame, blinde, bedred, and moost nedye folks of the same, which may not travaile to aske elemesse; and th’oder CCC1 to bee dealte among the miserable Prisonners remayneng in any Prison within our said Citie or the Suburbes of the same, or of our Towne of Westminster, condempned for debt or other cause, where the dutie and damages excede not iiii1, or suche as remayne in Prisonne oonly for lack of payment of their fees: to th’entent thei doo praie to almighty God for the remission of our synnes, and salvacion of our Soule. And that the same D1 to bee distributed among the same lame, blinde, nedy, and the said Prisonners in fourme before rehersed, within the same tyme. And in this partie we hertily desire our Executours to thinke and considere howe necessarie, behoofull, and howe profitable it is to dede folks to bee praied for, entierlye requiring theim, that in the distribucion of the said elemesse, they exhorte and moeve the poore people that shall receive the said elemose, devoutly and by name to praie for us and the weale of our Soule, soothat oure Soule may fele that as thei loved us in our life, soo thei may remember us after our deceasse; and for the true execucion herof, we charge their conscience as thei woll aunswere therefor before God.
AND for the more redy and sure paiement of the said MMCCL1, we have delivered in redy money before the hande, to th’ Abbot, Priour and Conuent, of our said Monastery of Westminster, the same some of MMCCL1, as by writings indented betwixt us and the said Abbot, Priour and Conuent, of our said Monastery of Westminster, testifieng the same payment and receipte, aud bering date at the. daye of the moneth of the yere of oure reigne, it doeth more plainly appere; the same MMCCL1 saufly and surely to bee kept by the said Abbot, Priour and Conuent, for the same causes oonly, and to th’entent before rehersed, and not to bee delivered to any persone, or for any cause, or at any tyme, but oonly for the causes abovesaied, and our Executours incontinently after our deceasse, as it ys more largely expressed in the said Indentures. And if it shall fortune by any chaunce, or by the disposition of our Lord God, oure bodye to be entered and buried in any other place without oure said Monastery within this our Reame, or in any other place without this our Reame; we woll ueverthelesse that the said XM masses bee fully saied, and the said MMCCL1 plenarly paied and distributed, for the remission of our synnes, and the weale of our Soule, after the maner and fourme, and within the tyme, and within the places above rehersed: Soo that the said money bee emploied oonly about the same, and noon other use, ner for noon other maner whatsoever it may bee.
ALSO we wol, that all our debts furst and before other charges, our Funerallis, and costs of our Enterement and Sepulture oonly excepted, with all possible spede and diligence after thei appere due, justely and truly bee contented and paied, by the hands of oure Executours, wherewith we charge theim as thei wol aunswere for us before God, and discharge our conscience. And also if any p’sone of what degree soevir he bee, shewe by way of complainte to our Executours, any wrong to have been doon to hym, wronges by us, oure commaundement, occasion or meane, or that we helde any goodes or lands which of right ought to apperteigne unto hym; we wol that every such complainte, be spedely, tenderly and effectuelly herde, and the matier duely and indifferently examyned, by the moost Reverende Fader in God Th’archebusshop of Caunterbury that nowe is, or that hereafter for the tyme shall be, the Revere’de Faders in God Richard Bisshop of Wynchester, the Bisshops of London and Rochester, that nowe bee, or hereafter for the tyme shall be; Thomas Erie of Surrey, our Tresourer general, George Erle of Shrewesbury Steward of our house, Sur Charles Somerset, Lord Herberd oure Chambrelaine, the chief Justices of our Benche and Common place that nowe be, or that the tyme of our decesse shal be; Mister John Yong, maister of the Rolles of our Chauncery, Sir Thomas Lovell Knight Tresourer of our House, Maistre Thomas Roth all our Secretary, Sir Richard Emson Knight our Chaunceller of our Duchie of Lancastre, Edmund Dudley Squier our Attourney, that at the tyme of oure decesse shall be our Confessour, the Provincial of the Freres Observants, and Maistre William at Water Deane of our Chapell, or any vi of theim at the leest, and iii of our Executours. And in caas by suche examinacion it can be founde, that the complaint be.made of a grounded cause in conscience, other then mater doon by the course and ordre of our lawes, or that our said Executours by their wisdoms and diserecions, shall thinke that in conscience our Soule aught to stande charged withe the said matier and complaint; we wol then that as the caas shall require, he and thei bee restored and recompensed by our said Executours, of such our redy money and juelx as then shall remayne, and for lack therof, of suche revenues as we shall hereafter appointe, aswel for that cause, as for the contentacion of our said debts, yf any suche sh al fortune to be; and to th’entent that no suche p’sone, ne any other whereunto we shall after our deceasse stande indebted, have cause of ignorance of this our wille and mynde, we wol that our Executours within lit monethes next and ymmediatlye folowing our decesse, at the ferrest, cause open proclamacions to bee made in every Shiretoune, and iii or iiii other of the best Burghes and Merket Towens, of every Shire witin this our Reame; that if any man can for any cause reasonable, clayme any debt of us, or shewe that we have wronged hym in any maner of wise, that might or shalde charge our conscience as before is saied, that he reasort to our said Executours and the said Examiners, in such place as after their discrecion shal be appointed, and then and there to be redely herdeand aunswered, as reason and conscience shall in that parte require. And howbeit that th’officers of oure House and Warderobe for the tyme being, have continuelly had for the bering of the charges of the same, so large and sure assignements, that we trust there, is litle or nothing owing in behalf; yet forasmoche as we wold gladly that every of our subgects shuld be truly and justely contented, of al that we owe unto theim, we wol that if any p’sone prove before our Executours, that any dutie is owing unto hym, for the charges of our said Houshold and Warderobe; then our said Executours take suche provision for his contentacioir, that he be paied by the hands of thoes Officers of our House and Warderobe, in whose tyme the said dutie grewe or should have been paied; or ellis for default therof; to be paied unto theim by their owen hands, of our said goods and revenues.
AND for the fournisshing, maynteynyng and perfourmyng, or certain diverse couvenants and aggrements, twixtye concernyng more plainly and particularly the sp’ialcies of th’abbmof this our Wille and Testament, passed and accorded betwixt us and the said Abbot, Priour and Conuent, by writing indented and sealed upon both parties, and entred of recorde in the Rolles of oure Chauncery; that is to say for the wages and charges of oure iii Chauntry Monks, th’exhibicion and finding of iii Monks, scolers to the Universitie of Oxonford, there to studie in science of divinitie, the rewards of prechers, for saying of certain Sermons every Sonday throughout the yere, and at certaine fests, and other daies within our said Monastery, the keping of our Anniversarie and wekely Obite within our said Monastery, and the distribucion of elemosse that shal be doon at the same; the mainteyneng of certain tapers, torches and lights, to brenne at the said Anniversarie and wekely Obits contynuelly and perpetuelly, whil the world shall endure, about our Towmbe; the finding of certain Converses by us encreased within the laid Monastery; the maynetenaunce of certain forrein Aniversaries, to be holden for us in diverse Cathedral Churches, Conuentual and Collegiat Churches, and the two Universities of Oxonford and Cambrige; the Sallary of the Chauntry Preist, that we have perpetuelly founded and ordeyned to singe for the Soule of my Lord our Fader, in the house of the Grey Freres in Caermerden in Wales, and the finding of xiii poor men, and the iii poor women, that we have perpetuelly established in oure elemefl’e house, by us buylded within our said Monastery of Westminster, with diverse other chargs to the same belonging and depending, and Seremonies to the same apperteignyng, as more largely in the said writing indented is specially expressed and declared: we have yeuen, graunted and amortised, for ever aud in p’petuitie, certain lands sp’uall and temporall to the yerely value of M marcs and aboue, in full recompense, aswel of all maner of charges concerning the premisses conteined in the said writings indented, as also for all casualties and evictions, if any such, should hapen hereafter.
AND for as much as we inwardly consideir, that the vii workes of Charite and Mercy, bee moost profitable, due and necessarie, for the salvacion of mans soule, and that the same vii works stand moost commonly in vi of theim; that is to saie in viseting the sik, mynistring mete and drinke and clothing to the nedy, logging of the miserable pouer, and burying of the dede bodies of cristen people: We therefor gretely tendring the same, and considering that the next way to doo and execute the said vi works of Pitie and Mercy, ys by meanes of keping, susteynyng and maynteynyng of commune Hospitallis, wherin if thei be duly kept, the said nede pouer people bee lodged, visited in their siknesses, refresshed with mete and drinke, and if nede be with clothe, and also buried yf thei fourtune to die within the same; and understanding also that there be fewe or noon such commune Hospitallis within this our Reame, and that for lack of theim, infinite nombre of pouer nedie people miserably dailly die, no man putting hande of helpe or remedie; we therefor of our great pitie and compassion, desiring inwardly the remedy of the premisses, have begoune to erecte, buylde and establisshe, a commune Hospital in our place called the Savoie besid Charingcrosse, nigh to our Citie of London, and the same we entende with Godds grace to finishe, after the matier, fourme and fashion, of a plat which is devised for the same, and signed with our hande, and have endowed with landis and tenements to the yerely value of D marcs aboue all reprises, to here maynteyne and susteigne therewith, as wel oon hundreth bedds garnisshed, to receive and lodge nightly oon hundreth pouer folks, as also a certain nomber of Preists, and other Ministres and Servitours men and women, as suche a matier shall require; to have the keping, ruling and guyding, of the said Hospitall and pouer folks, and ministring unto theim metes, drinks, aud other necessaries; and also to doo, execute, and perfourme, diverse other thinges within our said Hospitall, to the laude of God, the weale of our Soule, and the refreshing of the said pouer people, in daily, nigntly and hourely, exployting the said vi works of Mercy, Pitie and Charite, after suche Statuts and ordenances, as we entende to make for the better ordring and directing of the said Hospitall: and if this be nat fully and perfitely finisshed, perfourmed and doon, or that the said Statuts be not entierly made by our self in our life, we wol that then al the premisses and every of theim, bee doon by our Executours assone as goodly may be doon after our decesse. And for the buylding of the said Hospitall, and furst provision of cc bedds fully garnisehed for the said c poor men, Boks, Chalices, Vestments, Aultre clothes, Aultre tables, and other implements necessarie for our said Hospital, the Chapel of the same, and other houses of offices to the same Hospital belonging, and for the more redye payment of the money that shai be requisite for the furnisshing of the same, we have delivered in redy money before the hande, the some of ten thousand marcs, to the Dean and Chapitre of oure Cathedral church of Pawlis, within our Citie of London, as by writings indented betwix us and theim, testifieng the same payment and receipt, and bering date at the daie of the moneth of the xxiiii yere of our reigne, it dooth more plainly appere: the same ten thousand marcs, and every parcel therof, to be truly emploied and bestowed by suche a persone Or persones, as we in our lif shall depute and appointe to be Maister of our werks, by our lettres in fourme of a plakarde, signed with oure hande and sealed with our signet; or if the said werks bee not doon and finisshed in our life, as our Executours after our decesse, by their writing shall depute and astigne to be Maister of the said werks, about and upon the finisshing aud perfourmyng of the said works, and for provision of the said Bedds, Books, Chalices, Vestiments, Aultre clothes, Aultre tables and implements, as nede shall require, by the device, comptrollement and oversight of suche persons, as we, or our said Executours, in maner beforesaied, shall depute and assigne, without discontynuyng of the said works or any parte of theim, till they bee fully perfourmed, finisshed and accomplisshed: The said ten thousand marcs to be delivered by the said Dean and Chapitre, by bille and billes indented, to the said Maister of our said werks in our lif, and aftre in maner before said, by such parcellis and particuler somes from tyme to tyme, as the necesstie of the said works shall require, and as shal be desired and required by the said Maister of our said werks, with suche persons as shall have the controllement and oversight of the same, to th’entent above rehersed, by Indentures to be made betwixt the said Dean and Chapitre, and the said Maistre of our werks, testifieng the delivering and receipt of the said particuler somes of money; and that aswel the said Dean and his Successours, for the delivere of the said particular Somes to the said Maistre of our werks, by the desire and requeste beforesaied, as also the said Maistre for th’employing and bestowing of the said some of ten thousand marcs and every parcel therof, of and upon the premisses, be accomptable to us in our lif, and to oure Executours after our decesse, for such parcell therof, as then shall reste not emploied ner bestowed upon the said premesses and provision after our decesse, as often and whansoever we or thei shall calle theim therunto, as it is more largely expressed in the said Indentures, And in caas the said x M. marcs shall not suffice for the hool perfourmance and accomplisment of the premisses and every parcell of theim, and that thei be not perfitely finisshed by us in our daies; we then wol that our Executours from tyme to tyme as necessitie shall require, by like indentures, and upon like accompte, deliver to the said Dean and Chapitre for the tyme being, asmoch money above the said x M. marcs, as shall suffice for the perfite finisshing and perfourmyng of the premisses, and every parte of theim; the same money to be emploied and bestowed upon the perfite finisshing and perfourmyng of the said premisses, by the said Maistre of our werks, by the said oversight, comptrollement and accompte, without desisting or discontynuyng of the same werks in any wise, till thei and every parcell of theim as before is saied, bee fully and perfitely accomplisshed and perfourmed in maner and fourme afore rehersed.
AND in like wise if it be not doon by our silf, we wol that our said Executours make two semblable comune Hospitallis, aswel in fourme and faction, as yerely value in landis, nomber of Preists, Ministres, Servants, bedds for pouer folks, and Statuts and Ordenances; the oon of theim to be made in some convenient place in the Suburbes of our Citie of York, and the other in the Suburbes of our City of Coventre, either of theim as nigh to the same Cities as conveniently may be doon. And that our Executours for the perfourming and fournishing of the same, take of our said Money, Juelx, Plate and Revenues, for either of the said two Hofpitallis, twenty thousand marks, which is fourty thousand marks in the hool.
ALSO where as diverse and many, and almoost al the The King’s Cathedral Churches, Seculers and Regulers, Abbaies, Suffrass‘ Priouries, and Collegiat Churches of this our Reame, vvherof for the more clere notice of theim, the names been expresed in aCedule to this our Testament annexed, have geven and graunted every of theim aparte by hymself, by their deds sealed with their Chapitre and Conuent scales, and also have bounden theim by writings indented betwixt us, vnder our great Seale, and theim vnder the said Chapitre and Conuent Seales, to doo, rede, saie and singe for us, aswel in our life, as after our decefle, in perpetuite, and while the world shall endure, certain Orisons, Praiers and Suffrages, as in the said writings is more plainly conteigned; and for the which we have geven and graunted to theim by our said writings indented, bitwext us and theim, certain grete and large confirmacions, pardons, licences, and other graunts, to the grete weale, prouffite, suertie and quietnefle of the said Churches, Abbeys, Priouries and Colleges, as in like wise is conteigned in the said writings indented betwixt us and theim: yet of our more ample grace and favour, and to th’entent that ymmediatly aftur oure decefle, thei shuld themore smgulerly & tenderly have our Soule specially remembred in their good praiers, and also have the better cause hertily to pray for our Soule, in their said quotidian orisons, praiers and suffrages, as thei be bounden to doo by their said writings; we wolle that our Executours, aflbne as conveniently may be doon after our decefle, cause to be delivered to every of the principall and chief heed Rulers and Governours of the said Cathedrall Churches, Abbeys, Priouries and Collegiat Churches, seculer and reguler, and to every Chanon seculer and reguler, Monk, Vicaire and Ministre within the same, being Preist, and to every other such Chanon, Monk, Vicaire and Ministre not being Preist, xxd: Tenderly requiring and charging theim at the deliverance and receipt of the fame, to have our Soule affectuously remembred in their said dailly Orisons, Praiers and Suffragies, and the rather for the memoriall that thei have of us at that tyme.
ALSO we wolle, that our Executours bestowe and emploie with as goodly spede after our deceafle as conveniently may be doon, Mm1 upon the newe making and repairing where nede shall require, of such Highe waies and Brigges as hereafter folowe; that is to saye, upon the newe making or repairing of the high wey and brigges betwixt oure Castell and Towne of Windesore, and our manour of Richemount, the high wey and brigges betwixt the fame our manour of Richemount and Saint Georges church besids Suthwark, the high wey or brigges betwixt the same Saint Georges church and our manour of Grenewich, and the high wey betwixt the same our manour of Grenewich and the Citie of Caunterbury: Al which high waies, we wol be substantially diched upon booth fides, where thei may be conveniently so doon, wel and surely graveled, and reised upon a good hight, with such a brede and largenesse as two Carts may passe the oon by the other, or booth togeders. And the said two thowsand pounds as farre as it wol goo and extende, to bee emploied upon the same, and upon noon other thing, in the moost sure and substancial maner that can be devised by our Executours, or such as thei shall depute and asfigne to the same, if it be not doon by our self in our life tyme.
ITEM, forasmoche as diverse of the Lordes aswell of Theprovfour blood as other, and also Knights, Squiers, and diverse Lonisamt our true lovyng Subjects and Servants, have faithfully as fisted us, and diverse of theim put theim in extreme jeobardie of their lives, and lories of their landes and goods, in serving and assisting us, aswel about the recovery of our right and Reame of England, as at diverse other seasons and tymes of jeobardy. In consideracion wherof, we have made unto diverse of theim graunts, some of landis, tenements and offices, and some of offices, fees and annuities: we wol and require and tritely charge our Sone the Prince, and other oure heires, that every Lord, Knight, Squier and other, haveyng any thing of our graunt what soever it be, that he and his heires have and enjoie every graunt soo by us made, for any of the said consideracions or any other cause, according to the tenores, fourme and effect of every of the same, without any maner lette or interupeion of our Sone, or any other our heires.
AND where as by auctorite of our Parliament holden at King’s apartment Westminster the xx” daie of the moneth of February, the viith yere of our reigne, it is among other thinges ordeyned, establisshed and enacted, that John then Archebisshop of Caunterbury, Primat and Chaunceller of all England decessed, Thomas then Archebisshop of Yorke decesed, Jasper then Duke of Bedford decesed, Piers then Bisshop of Winchester decesed, John then Bisshop of Ely decesed, Richard then Bisshop of Exon, nowe Bisshop of Winchester, Edmond then Bisshop of Rouchester, nowe Bisshop of Sarum; Thomas Erle of Arondell, John Erle of Oxonford, George Erle of Shrewesbury, Thomas Erle of Surrey; John then Viscount Welles decessed, John then Lord Dynham Tresourer of England Knight decessed, Giles Lord Daubeney Knight, William Husee Knight decessed, Oliver King clerk decessed, John Cheyney Knight decessed, Gilbert Talbot Knight, Thomas Mountgomery Knight decessed, Reinald Bray Knight decessed, John Savage Knight decessed, James Blount Knight decessed, Richard Guldeford Knight decessed, Thomas Lovell Knight, and John Risley Knight; from the said xx daie of February the said vn yere of oure reigne, holde enjoie and possede, the Honour, Castell and Lordessiip of Lancastre and Clidrou, with the membres and appurtenances of the same, and al Manours, Lordeships, Landes, Tenements, Rents, Reversions, Services, Possessions and Hereditaments, parcell of the Duchie of Lancastre, within the Countie of Lancastre with their appurtenances, and the Countie Palatyne of Lancastre with th’appurtenances, and all Liberties, Fraunchesies, Jurisdictions, Privilegies, Lawes, Custumes, and all other things to the same Countie Palatyne, and other premisses and every parcell of theim belonging and apperteynyng, or parcel of the same; the Honours, Castellis, Lordships and Maners of Pountfret, Tykhull, Knaresburgh and Pikering, with the members and appurtenances, and all Manours, Lordeships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions and Services, parcel of the Duchie of Lancastre in the counties of York and Notingham with their appurtenances; the Honour, Castell, Lordship and Manour of Tudbury, with th’appurtenances, and. all Manours, Lordships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions and Services, parcel of the Duchie of Lancastre, in the Counties of Staff, and Derby with their appurtenances; the Honour, Castell, Lordship and Manour of Bolingbroke, with the membres and appurtenances, and all other Manours, Lordships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions and Services, parcel of the Duchie of Lancastre, within the Countie of Lincoln with th’appurtenances; the Manour and Lordship of Long Benyngton, parcel of the Duchie of Lancastre in the Countie of Lincoln, with th’appurtenances; and all Castellis, Lordships, Manours, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions and Services, parcel of the Duchie of Lancastre in the Counties of Norff. and Suss, with their appurtenances, to theim and to their heires sor evermore. To th’entent that thei, their heires, and the heires of every of theim, shall for certain grete and reasonable causes in the same Acte expressed, bee and stande Feoffees of every parcel of the said Honours, Castellis, Lordships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions, Services, Possessions and Heredetaments, with their Members and Appurtenances, Liberties, Fraunchelies, Jurisdiccions, Privilegies, Lawes and Custumes, for the paiement of our debts, avauncement of our children nat preferred, dedes of charitie, and memorial to be had and doon for us, to the laude and honour of God, and the welth of our Soul, and the perfourmyng and execucion of all that by our laste Wille we have and shall ells ordeigne and dispose to be doon with the same, as in the said Acte it is more plainly expressed.
AND forasmoch as diverse and the grettest nombre of the said persones named in the said Acte, sithe the making of the same be decessed, and the casual tie of this World is suche, and life is as uncertaine to suche as survyve, as was to theim nowe departed, and for that it was thought right requisite and necessarie, for the better and more sure perfourmance and execucion of this our said Wille, to renewe and encreace a more nombre of honourable personages, to have joint and as full and plaine and large auctorite and powair with the said persbnnes rehersed overliving, and to be with theim adjoyned in the premisses and every parte therof, as the said persones soo decessed had. It was therefor afterward, by auctoritie of another Parliament, holden at Westminster the xxv daie of the moneth of January, the xixth yere of our Reigne, among other thinges enacted, ordeyned and establisshed, by the advise of the Lordes Spiritual and Temporal, and the Gomons in the same Parliament assembled, that William nowe Archebisshop of Caunterbury, Primat and Chaunceller of all England, Thomas Archebisshop of Yorke decessed; Edward Duke of Bukingham; Richard nowe Bisshop of Winchester, William Bisshop of Durefme decessed, William Bisshop of Lincoln, Edmond Bisshop of Salefbury, Geffrey Bisshop of Chestre; John Abbot of Westminster; Charles Lord Herbert; John Fyneux Knight, Thomas Frowik Knight decessed; Geffrey Simeon clerc decessed, William Bawns clerc decessed, Thomas Rowthale clerc; Edward Ponynges Knight, Henry Vernon Knight; John Mordaunt decessed, James Hobart, Richard Emson, Humfrey Conyngefby, and John Kingesmele, Sergeaunts at the lawe; stande and bee seased jointely with the said persones surviving, of and in all the Castellis, Manours, Lordeships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions, Services, Possessions and Hereditaments, with other premisses before remembred, and to bee and stande in like astate, auctoritie and powair, and under like maner, fourme and condicion of the premisses, and every parte of theim, and to the same uses and entents, as the said personnes nowe being dede, had, shuld or might have had in the premisses, or any parte therof, yf thei had contynued in plain life, and as if the said personnes nowe of nowe named, had had a joinct estate, and had been joinctly named with the said Survivours in the said Acte, with the personnes that nowe survive.
And over this it was enacted, ordeigned and established by the same auctorite, that what tyme and whanfoever that the said William Archebisshop of Caunterbury, Thomas Archebisshop of Yorke, Richard Bifshop of Winchester, William Bisshop of Duresme decessed, and Edmund Bisshop of Saleibury, or any of theim, hereafter shall fortune to decesse, or any of their Sees to be void by any other waies; that thei that soo shall succede theim or any of theim in the said Sees and Bisshopriks, and every of theim and their successours, and the succeflburs of every of theim, shall have successively for evir, like auctoritie and powair to doo, order, execute and perfourme our said Wille, and every parte therof, joinctely with the other that shall survive, as the same Bisshops shuld ought or might doo, into and for the same, yf thei had continued in plain life, and as if the said persones that soo shall succede, had had their plain pofleffions in their said Sees and Bisshoprikks, the tyme of the said xxv daie of the moneth of January, the xixlh yere of our Reigne, and had been well and perfitely named in the Acte made for this entent, in the said Parliament holden the said xxv daie of the said moneth of January: we wol that ymmediatly after our decesse, our Executours without let or contradiction of our said Sone the Prince, our said feoffees or any other person, take levie and perceive al the Rentis, Prouffits, Revenues and Emoluments, comyn’g arid growing of the said Honours, Castellis, Lordships, Lands, Tenements, Rents, Reversions, Services, Possessions and Heredetaments, with the members and appurtenances, Liberties, Fraunchesies, Jurisdictions, Privileges, Lawes and Custumes, or of any parcell of theim; and the same Prouffits, Rents and Emoluments, over and above the eharges of the lawe, and of right tuyng or paiable of the same, thei emploie and truly bestowe about and upon the payeng of our debts, restituciohs of wrongs, and the full and entire perfourmyng and executing of this our present Wille, and every thing conteyned in the same.
ALSO WHERE oute Uncle of blisted memorie King Henry the Sixt, to the laude of God, and th’encreace of connyng and doctrine in the lawes of God, to the edeficacion of our feith, and the weale of Cristen soule, founded and endued a famous College in our Universitie of Cambrige called the newe College, and in the same begune a grete and large Churche, for divine service to bee said and doon in the same, by the Fellowes of the said College, which Church rcstith as yet vnperfited and vnfinisshed, litle or nothing wrought or doon thereupon syns the deceafle of our said Uncle: Saving that nowe of late to the honour of God, the weale of our soule, and for the singuler trust that we have to the praiers of our said Uncle, for the grete holynefle of life and vertue that he was of in erthe, we have at our propre costs and charges, caused workmen in a good nombre to worke upon the advancement of the building of the same Churche, intending by Godds grace incessantly to contynue the same, til the said Church be perfitely buylded and fully finisshed.
AND for the more sure perfourmance and perfite finishing of the said Church, and other the premisses, and for the more redy paiement of the money necessarie in that behalve, we have delivered in redy money before the hande, to the Provost and Scolers of oure said College, the some of five thousand poundes, as by writings betwixt us and theim testisieng the same payments and receipte, and bering date at Richemount the laste daye of Marche the xxim yere of our Reigne, it dooth more plainly appere; the same v M1 and every parcell therof, to be truly emploied and bestowed by the said Provost, and other Provosts of the said College for the tyme being, vpon, to and for, the buylding and finisshing of the said Churche, from tyme to tyme as nede shall require, by th’advise, comptrollement and oversight, of suche personnes as we in our life, and our Executours after ow decesse, if it be not doon in our life, shall depute and affigne without discontynuyng the said works or any parte of theim, till thei bee fully finisshed, perfourmed and accomplisshed, as farre as the said Some of money of v M1 shall extende. And that the said Provost that nowe is, and that hereafter shal be, bee accomptable for th’employeng and belowing. of the said v M1 upon the said workes, to us in our life, and our Executours after our decesse, for such parcell therof as Avail reste not accompted for before that tyme, and not emploied, emploied nor bestowed upon the said works, as often and whansoever we or they shall calle hym therunto, as it is more largely expressed in the said Indentures. And in cafe the said v M1 shall not suffice for perfourmance and accomplisshment of the said werkes and every parcel! of theim, and that thei be not perfitely finisshed by us in our daies, we than wo that oure Executours from tyme to tyme as necessitie shall require, deliver to the said Provost for the tyme being, afmoch money above the said v M; as shall suffice for the perfite finisshing and perfourming of the said works, and every parte of theim; the same money to be emploied and bestowed upon the perfite finisshing and perfourming of the said works, by the said Provost for the tyme being, by the foresaid advise, oversight, comptrollement and accompte, without desisting or discontynueng the same werks in any wise, till thei and every parcel of theim as before is said, be fully and perfitely accomplished and perfourmed, in maner and fourme before rehersed. And that the said Provost for the tyme beings for such somes of money as shall be delivered to hym by our Executours to the entente above rehersed, bee aceomptable to theim as often and whansoevir thei shall require
ALSO we geve and bequeith to the perfourmyng and finisshing of the newe Church of the Monastery of Saint Petre of Westminster, wherin we received our holie Church of ronacion and Inunction, five hundreth marks.
ALSO where we alwaies have had a speciall confidence The beand truste, in the devoute graiers of the Freres Observants of this our Royaume, for our good and prosperous estate in this present life, and that we be very desirous to have the same for the weal of our Soule, and the remission of our synnes after our decesse, to th’entent they may have the better cause, and the more largely bee bounden hertely and devoutely soo to doo; we wol that our Executours bestowe and emploi to the behove of our House of the Freres of Grenewich, being of our foundacion, for the closing of their Gardyne and Orcharde with a Brikewall, or about other things as by the Fader and the Rulers of the said House shall be thought moost consonant to the laude of God, helth of our Soule, and the weale of the said House and Freres, two hundreth pounds, and soo to the house of Richemount being in like wise of oure foundacion, two hundreth pounds, and to every of the houses of the said Observaunts of Caunterbury, Suthampton and Newe Castell, c marcs: The same somes of money to be emploicd and bestowed by our said Executours, upon such thinges as by the Fadcrs and Rulers of the said houses thall be thought moost consonant to the laude of God, helth of our Soule and the weal of the said houses and Freres. And also to either of the Chartrehouses of London and Shene, fourty poundes.
AND over this, where as the said Freres Observaunts, have no possessions, nor other goods moevables nor immovables, wherewith to sustaigne and maynteigne, neither their lives with mete, drinke and clothing, nor for the renewing of their Books, Chalices, Vestiments, and ether ornaments necessarie and convenient for the service of God, nor for the reparacions of their Churches and houses, but oonly of the almous, devocion and charite, of Xpen people, whereby though the same Freres be some tymes and for the more partie sufficiently after their necessite succoured, releved and purveied; yet know we experimently by the secrete conversacion that we have had with the said Freres, that had ne been other privie souccours and releves, diverse tymes made to theim in their extreme neds, thei had diverse and many tymes be in manifest perillof ruyne, and daungier of perdicion for lack of fode; the whiche inconvenieucies and daungiers, we for pur long contynued devocion towards Saint Fraunces their patrone, and oure charitie towards th’ordre of the said Freres, inwardly considering, and gretely desiring in due tyme to provide the remedie, wol and ordeigne, that our Executours within vi moneths next after our deceasse at the farrest, and without lenger delaie, committe and betake to the Priours, Dean, Convents and Chapitre hereafter named, the Somes hereafter ensuyng, by Indentures in due fourme to be made betwixt our said Executours, and the same Priours, Dean, Convents and Chapitre, and to th’use hereafter also folowing: that is to saie, that our said Executours, in maner and fourme beforesaid, deliver to the Priour of Caunterbury for the tyme being, two hundreth pounds, to th’use and behouf of the Convent of the Freres Observants of the same Caunterbury; to the Priour of the Chartrehouse of London, two hundreth poundes, to th’use and behove of the Convent of the Freres Observants of Grenewich; to the Priour of the Chartrehouse of Shene five hundreth marcs, to th’use and behoue of the Conuent of the Freres Observants of Richemount; to the Priour of the Cathedral churche of Saint Swuthin of Winton cc1, to th’use and behove of the Convent of the Freres Observants of Suthampton; to the Priour of the Cathedral church of Saint Cuthbert of Duresme cc1, to th’use and behouf of the said Freres Observants of Newe Castell; and to the Dean and Chanons of the Cathedral church of Lincoln cc’, to the use and behoue of the Conuent that by our souccour and aide is newly begoune in the towne of Newark, in our Countie of Notingham. The same Somes and every parcell of theim, to bee delivered by the said Priours, Dean, Convents and Chapitre, to th’use of the said Convents of Freres as before is said, to such persones, at such tymes, and by such parcellis, and in suche maner and fourme, as to the Provinciall of the said Freres, and Wardeyn of the Convent that shall nede it for the tyme being, shall be thought moost expedient, and as the said Provinciall and Wardeyn shall require and desire; the same Somes of money to be emploied, to the said behove, and to such uses, as to the same Provinciall and Convent shall be thought moost neceflarie, and to noon other.
AND that our said Executours at the deliverance of the said somes of money, require and charge theim to have our soule continuelly remembred in their devoute praiers, observances aud ceremones, soo that by the great mercy of our Salviour it may be partener of the same. And that the said two houses of Richemount and Grenewiche causeto bee said for the remission of our synnes, and the weale of our soule, D masses; and the said iiii houses of Caunterbury, Suthampton, Newcastell and Newarke, every of theim ccc masses, and either of the said Chartrehouses cc masses; the same masses to bee hooly saied by the Brederne of the same houses, assone as thei shall nowe goodly and conveniently doo aftre oure decesse.
ALSO we wol, that our Executours, except it bee perfourmed by oureself in our life, cause to be made for the overparte of the Aultre within the grate of our Tombe, a King’s table of the lenght of the same Aultre, and half a fote at either ende of the same, and v fote of height with the border, and that in the mydds of the overhalf of the same table, bee made the Ymage of the Crucifixe, Mary and John, in maner accustumed; and upon bothe sids of theim, be made asmany of the Ymagies of our said advouries, as the said table wol receive; and under the said Crucifixe, and Ymages of Marie and John, and other advouries, bee made the Xii Apostels: All the said table, Crucifixe, Mary and John, and other Ymages of our advouries and xii Apostellis, to be of tymbre, covered and wrought with plate of syne golde.
ALSO we geve and bequethe to the Aulter within the grate of our laid Tombe, our grete pece of the hohe Crosse, tticseme which by the high provision of our Lord God, was concied, brought and delivered to us, from the Isle of Cyo in Grece, set in gold, and garnisshed with perles and precious stones; and also the preciouse Relique of oon of the leggs of Saint George, set in silver parcell gilte, which came to the hands of our Broder and Coufynlvewys of Fraunce, the tyme that he wan and recovered the Citie of Millein, and geven and sent to us hy our Cousyne the Cardinal of Amboys Legate in Fraunce: the which pece us the holie Grosse, and leg of Saincte George, we wol bee set upon the said Aulter for the garnisshmg of the same, upon al principal and solempne fests, and al other fests, after the diserecion of oure Chauntery Preists singing for us at the fame Aulter.
ALSO we geve and bequeth to the same Aulter, if it be not doon by our self in our life, oon Masse booke hande writen, iii sutes of Aulter clothes, iii paire of Vestements, a Chales of gold of the value of oon hundreth marcs, a Chalece of silver and gilte of xx vnces, two paire of Cruetts silver and gilt of xx vnces, two Candilstikks silver and gilte of c vnces, and other two Candilstiks silver and gilte of Lx vnces, and iii Corporacs with their cases, vi Ymages, oon of our Lady, another of Saint John Evangelist, Saint John Baptist, Saint Edward, Saint Jerome, and Saint Fraunceys, every of theim of silver and gilte, of the valueof xx marcs; and oon paire of Basons silver and gilt of the same value, a Bell of silver and gilte of the value of iii1 vi’ viiia, and a Pax brede of silver and gilte, of the value of iiii marcs.
ALSO we bequethe to the high Aultre within our said Xctigh Chapell of our Lady, called our Lady Aultre, the grettest ymage of our Lady that we nowe have in our Juellhouse, a Crosse of plate of gold upon tymber, to the value of c1, and to every other Aulter being within our said Chapell of our Lady, bee thei of the sids of the same, or in any other place within the compasse of the same, two suts of Aultier clothes, two paire of Vestiments, two Corporacs with their cases, oon Masse booke, oon Chalice of silver and gilte, oon paire of Cruetts silver and gilte, oon Belle silver and gilte, and two pair of Candilstikks silver and gilte, oon of theim for the high Aulter, and th’oder for the Aulter of our said Vncle of blessed memorie King Henry the VIth: and we wol that the said Vestiments, Aulter clothes, and other ornaments of our said Aulties, bee soo embrowdred and wrought with our armes and cognisaunts, that thei may by the same bee knowen of our gifte and bequeste. And as for the price and value of theim, our mynde is, that thei bee of suche as apperteigne to the gifte of a Prince; and therfor we wol that our Executours in that partie, have a special regarde and consideration to the lawde of God, and the weltlie of our Soule, and oure honour Royal. SAVYNG alweies, that if we in our daies by our life provide the said Vestiments and Ornaments, that then our Executours bee not in any wise charged with theim after our deceasse.
ALSO we wol, that our Executours yf it be nat doon An image by our selfe in our life, cause to be made an Ymage of a King to be King, representing our owen persone, the same Ymage to be of tymber, covered and wrought accordingly with plate Kurd’s of syne gold, in maner of an armed man, and upon the same armour, a Coote armour of our armes of England and of France enameled, with a swerd and spurres accordingly; and the, same Ymage to knele upon a table of silver and gilte, and holding betwixt his hands the Crowne which it pleased God to geve us, with the victorie of our Ennemye at our furst felde: the which Ymage and Crowne, we geve and bequethe to Almighty God, our blessed Lady Saint Mary, and Saint Edward King and Confesour, and the same Ymage aud Crowne in the fourme afore rehersed, we wol be set upon, and in the mydds of the Creste of the Shryne of Saint Edward King, in suche a place as by us in Out life, or by our Executours after our deceafle, shall be thought moost convenient and honorable. And we wol that our said Ymage be above the kne of the hight of thre fote, soo that the hede and half the hreste of our said Ymage, may clrerly appere above and over the said Crowne; and that upon booth sides of the said table, be a convenient brode border, and in the same be graven and writen with large letters blake enameled, thies words, REX HENRICUS SEPTIMUS.
ALSO we geve and bequethe to Almighty God, our Lady his blessed Moder, and Saint George, within oure College of Windesore, and to the Dean and Chanons of the same College that nowe he, and that hereafter shall be, for a perpetuel memorie there to remaigne while the world shall endure, and to be set upon the high Aulter of the said College, at the daies of solempne fests, and suche other tymes as the Deane and Chanons of our said College shall thinke convenient and honorable, a grete Ymage of Saint George, of gold, peysing ccxt vnces, garnisshed with rubies, perles, saphires, diamonds and other stones, the which Ymage is nowe in our Juell house.
ALSO we bequethe and geve to God and Saint Petre, and to th’Abbot, Priour and Convent of our monastery of themonastery of Westminster that nowe bee, and that hereafter shall bee, for a perpetuell memorie, there to remaigne while the world shall endure, the hoole sute of Vestiments and Coopies of clothe of gold tissue, wrought with our badgies of rede Roses and Poortcoleys, the which we of late at our propre costs and charges, caused to be made, bought and provided, at Florence in Ittalie: that is to saie, the hoole Vestements for the Preist, the Deacon and Subdeacon, and xxix Coopes of the same clothe and worke.
ALSO if it be nat perfourmed by our self in our life, we wol that our Executours cause an Ymage of silver and gilt, of like faction and weight, as is the Ymage that we set at have caused to bee made to be offred and sette before our Thomas Lady at Walsingham, to be made with this Scripture, Caunterbury. The same Image for a perpetuell memorie to bee made, ossred and sette, before Saincte Thomas of Caunterbury, in the metropolitan Churche of Caunterbury, in suche place as by us in our life, or by our Executours after oure deceasse, shall be thought moost convenient and honorable, and as nighe to the Shrine of Saint Thomas as may bee: And that upon booth the sides of the table whereupon our said Ymage shall knele, be made a brode border, and in the same graven and writen with large letters beenameled thies words, REX HENRICUS SEPTIMUS forasmoche as we have often and many tymes, to our inwarde regrete and displeasure, seen at oure diverse and many Churches of oure Reame, the holie Sacrament of the Aulter kept in ful simple and inhonest Pixes, specially Pixes of copre and tymbre; we have appointed and commaunded the Tresourer of our Chambre, and Maistre of our Juellhouse, to cause to be made forthwith Pixes of silver and gilte, in a greate nombre, for the keping of the holie Sacrament of th’Aultre, after the faction of a Pixe that we have caused to be delivered to theim, every of the said Pixes to be of the value of iiii1, garnisshed with our armes, and rede Roses and Poortcolis crowned: of the which Pixes we wol, that to the laude and service of God, th’onour of the holie Sacrament of th’Aulter, the weale of our soule, and for a perpetual memorie of us, every house of the iiii ordres of Freres, and in likewise every Parisshe church within this our Reame, not having a Pixe, nor noon other honest veflell of silver and gilte nor of silver ungilted, for the keping of the said Holy Sacrament, have of our gifte in our life oon of the said Pixes, assone and spedely as goodly may be doon. And if this be nat perfourmed in parte or in all in our life, we then wol, that that shall rest not perfourmed in our life, bee perfourmed by our Executours, within oon yere at the farrest next after our deceasie.
ALSO whereas for the more assured conservacion and the maencreace of the state, and honour of us, our Herres and my Ladye Successours, and of our Reame, and th’advancement of the prosperitie, vtilitie and comoditie of our Subgects, it is by our moyne couvenanted, accorded and concluded, betwixt us on the oon partie, and the moost siicrede sacrede Prince Maximilian, elect Emperour, aswel for hymself and in his owea name, and as then King of Romains, as also a graundfader, tutor and governour,. of the persone, lands and countreis, of the right high and mighty Prince Charles Prince of Spayne, Archiduc of Auflrich, Due of Bourgoyne, Brabant etc. and Counte of Flandres etc. his nepheu, and the same Charles Prince of Spayne, by th’assent of his said tutour, and the right noble Prineefle the Lady Margarete Duchefle of Savoie, Awnte to the said Prince on th’oder partie, for mariage by Godds grace to be had, and solempnely in the face of the Churche to be contracted, betwixt the said Prince of Spaine, and our moost dere doughter the Lady Mary, at suche tyme as the said Prince of Spaine shall be of such perfite and full age, as the lawes of the Churche require for that porpose, vnder such raaner and fourme, and in suche tyme and place, and with suche condicions, as in. the treatie therupon pafled and concluded betwixt the Commissioners of bothe sides, and afterwarde aswel by us as by the said Emperour, Prince of Spayne and Duchefle, by our and their several Letters Patents, under our and their grete scales, subscribed with our and their hands, ratified and confermed, it appereth more ample and at lenght; according whereunto spowsells by wordes of the present requisite due and convenient in that behaive, by oure moynes, and at our right grete cost and charges, have been solempnely and openly contracted betwixt the said Prince of Castell, by his Proctour in that parte sufficiently constituted, ordeigned and deputed on the oon partie, and our said doughter in her persone on th’oder partie, in our Manour of Richemount, the daie of the moneth of Decembre, in the xxiiii yere of our Reigne, our self in our persone, and th’Ambassadours of the said Prince of Castell, with many other of the moost honorable Lords Spirituall and Temporall, Laidies, and other Nobles of our Royme in a grete nombre then being present, with diverse and many moost solempne and honourable Justs, Tourneys, Fests, and other triumphes and ceremonies, to such an acte convenient and requisite, ensuyng the said contractie of espousellis, and by a long space of tyme contynuyng and enduring.
AND whereas we for the Dote and mariage of our said doughter, over and above the cost of her traduccion into the parties of Flandres, and furnisshing of Plate and other her Arraiments for her persone, Juelxs, and garnisshing of her Chambre, which wol extende to no litle some nor charge, must paie and content to the said Prince of Spaine, the some of fifty thousand pounds in redy money, at certaine termes expressed in the said Treatie; for the which paiement, by th’advise of our Counsell, we have by our Letters vnder our great Seale subscribed with our hande, bounden our self, our heires and Succeflours, Reames, Lands, Countreis, and all other goods moevable and imovable, and in like wise the persones and goods of all and every our Subgects, movables and imovables where soever thei shall be founden; and that in like wise the Maire and Felliship of our staple of Calais, have at our desire bounden theim and their succeflours, for the paiement of the said Some; we vndoubtedly truste and have our full confidence, that the thre Estats of our Reame, according to the lawes and auncient custumes provided, and inviolably tyme oute of mynde observed and used, for the mariage of the Kings children of the Reame, shall and wol by auctoritie of Parliament, sufficiently ordeyne and provide for the full paiement and contentacion of the said L.m1, to the said Prince of Spayne, according to the porpointe of the said treatie, and see us and our said Staple discharged of the said bands and obligations. Considering specially, that the perfection of the said mariage, shall redounde to the grettest honour, suertie, tranquillitie, reste, peace, prouffite and commoditie, vniversally and particularly of our said Reame and subjetts, and that thei and their goods, by our said bande as before is saied stande bounden for the same.
AND in case it soo fortune, as God defende, that the said mariage, by the dethe of the said Prince of Castile, or by any other chaunce or fortune whatsoever it be, take not effect, but vttrely dissolve and breke, or that our said doughtier be nat maried by us in our life, nor after the fame have sufficient provision for her Dote and mariage by the said thre Estates j we then wol, that our said doughter Mary have for her mariage, fifty thousand poundes paiable of our goods, yf so moch remaigne after the performance of such thinges and charges as in this our Wille is above and before expresed and specified, which hinges and chargies, we wol furst and before all other matters be doon and perfourmed, of and with our said goods as farre as thei wol extende; and that doon and fully perfourmed, yf any thing then remayne of our said goods, we wol then that they for the payment of the said L.m1, take of the said goods as farre as thei wol goo. And if the said goods wol not perfourme the said L. M1, we then wol that that lakketh and cannot be levied of our said goods for the paiement of the said L. M1, bee levied of the said rentes, revenues, prouffits and emoluments, by the hands of our Executours, soo and in noon other wise, that in her said mariage stie be ruled and ordred by th’advise and consent of our said Sone the Prince, his Counsaile, and our said Executours; and soo that she be maried to some noble Prince out of this our Reame. The r AND for the perfite execution of this oure laste Wille and Testament, we make our derrest and moost entierly beloved Moder Margarete Countesse of Richemount, the moost Reverend Fader in God Christofer Archebisshop of Yorke, the Reverend Faders in God Richard Bisshop of Winchestre, Richard Bisshop of London, Edmond Bisshop of Sarum, William Bisshop of Lincoln, John Bisshop of Rouchestre; our right trusty and right welbiloved Cousins Thomas Erle of Arundel, and Thomas Erle of Surry our Tresburer generall; our right trusty and welbiloved Counsaillours Sir Charles Somerset Knight, Lord Herbert our Chambrelaine, Sir John Fyneux Knight, chief Justice of our Benche, Sir Robert Rede Knight, chief Justice of our Common place; Maistre John Yong, maistre of the Rolles of our Chauncery, Sir Thomas Lovell Knight, Tresourer of our Housolde, Maistre Thomas Rowthale oure Secretarie, Sir Richard Emson Knight, Chaunceller of oure Duchie of Lancastrie, Sir John Cutte Knight, our Vndertresbrer general, and Edmond Dudley Squier, our Executours: Praying and requiring, and also straitly charging theim, to put theim in their vttremoste devoirs, wele and truly in all thinges in maner and fourme afore declared, to execute and perfourme this our laste Wille and Testament, as our special truste is in theim, and as thei wol therfor aunswere, and discharge us and our Soule before God.
ALSO we wol, that th’Archebisshop of Caunterbury for the tyme being, whom we hereafter appointe to be Supervisour of this our Wille and Testament, and xii of our said Executours, that is to saie, the said Bisshops of Winchester, London and Rouchestre; Charles Somerset, Lord Herbert, the said two chief Justices, the Maistre of the Rolles, Sir Thomas Lovell our Secretarie, Sir Richard Emson and Edmond Dudley, or vii of theim yerely, in the iiii termes of the yere, as often as thei conveniently may, and as the case and necessitie shall require, and at the leest in every terme, to contynue their said aflemble by the space of xii daies, in some certain place suche as thei shall lust to appointe, in our Citie of London, or nigh about the same, there to comon, treate and see, what then mall reste to be doon, for th’accomplisshement of this our Wille, and plenarye execution of the same; and also to make a cliere declaracion what is recevied, what is paied, and what is owing, of the said issues, proffits and emoluments, and the same declaracion yerely at every tyme that thei shall assemble theim togeders, to shewe to th’Archebisshop of Caunterbury for the tyme being; for the tyme of which their attendauncs and businesses, we wol thei have for their costes, vil xiiis iiiid, for every daie that thei mall for the said businefle make and kepe the said assemble; wherof we wol the said Archebisshop of Caunterbury have, for every daie that he shall be present and attending to the said assemble, xx’: And remanent therof, to bee distributed amongs suche and asmany of our said Executours, as shall be continuelly present, and kepe the said assembles and every daie of theim, without departing thens, till thei by their comune assent and ordenance departe thens togeders.
AND over this, we ordeigne and make the said Archebisshop of Caunterbury for the tyme being, Surveiour of this Wille and Testament; willing and charging our said Executours, specially the said xii superattenders and every of theim, that in every matier of charge aud doubte, thei aske and demaunde his advise and counsaile.
AND if it fortune, that for any thing touching th’execucion of this ourc Wille or any parte therof,. there falle any diverse opinions, variaunces and discords, betwix our said Feoffees or Executours, or Feoffees and Executours, or Feoffee and Feoffee, or Executour and Executour, we yeve then, and by theis presents graunte to the said Archebisshop, plaine powiar and full auctoritie, and finally we wol, that he as vmpier have full powiar and auctoritie, to calle and to take unto hym, viii or vi at the leest, of suche of our said Feoffees and Executours as he shall finde best disposed to the perfourming of our said Wille, wherewith we charge his conscience before God, and by their advises and assents, to make finall conclusion and determinacion in such matier or matiers, as the said variaunce or debate rose upon, and was mooved for; soo that according to his and their conclusion and determinacion, the said matiers bee determined, and the said debates vtterly ceasse, in all thinges touching our feofFament or wille,
AND for the grete attendauncs, peynes and labours, which we knowe wele our said Supervisour and Executours, specially the said xii principall Superattenders must have and susteigne in this behalf, we in consideracion of the same, over and above suche Somes of money as we have above assigned for their attendauncs at the termes, bequethe to our said Supervisour oon hundreth poundes, and to every of our said Executours, taking upon hym by auctorite of th’ordinarie, th’administracion and execucion of this our lasle Wille and Testament, and gevyng his attendaunce as before is sued, c1 redie money; the same c1 to be paied in maner and fourme folovving: that is to saie, to the said Archebisshop of Caunrerbury, and to every of our said Executours gevyug his and their attendauncs as before is saied, fifty marcs at th’ende of every half yere„ accompted from the daie of our deceafle, till the said c1 be fully contented and paied. And at suche tyme as our said Testament and laste Wille, stiall be in every pointe and thing conteigned in the same, fully executed and petsitely ended, we wolle, that then afweli the saied Archebisshop,. as our said Executours, gevyng his and their attendauncs as before is said, have every of theim cc1, and to every of the remanent of our said Executours, not named ner appointed for any of the said xii Superattenders, we geve and bequethec1: The same to be paied, whan our said Wille as before is said shall be fully executed and perfitely perfourmed.
THE residue of our Chatellis, Goods and Debts, not geven, nor bequethed nor disposed, to be employed nor bestowed by this our laste Wille and Testament whatsoever thei be, or in whos handes or custodie they remaigne, and to us or to any other persone or persones to our vse appertenyng, due or belonging; we vvol, that our said Executours dispose, emploie and bestowe, to and upon suche uses, works and dedes of merite, almose, pitie and charite, and suche as may serve for the better execution of this our laste Wille and Testament, as to theym after their discrecions shall be thought moost plaisaunt and acceptable to God, moost expedient for the redempcion and remission of our synnes, and moost holsome and meritoriouse for our Soule, where with estraictely charge theim, their saules and consciences, as thei wol for the same accompte and answere before God, at his high daie of Jugement.
IN TESTIMONYE of all which premisses, and of every of theim, and allso in wittenefle that thies presents be our laste Wille and Testament, we have comaunded and caused, and by warant of thies presents signed with oure signe manuell, wol and comaunde, aswell our privy Seale, as our Signet, remaining in the keeping of our Secretary, tary, and our privey Signet of the Egvell remaynyng in our owen keping, as also our grete Seale to be put to thies said presentes.
DATED at Caunterbury the xth day of Aprill, the xxiiii yere of our reigne.